Twenty-One Coptic Martyrs of Lybia



Coptic icon of the 21 Martyrs of Libya. Image courtesy of Coptic iconographer Tony Rezk

On 12 February 2015, the Islamic State of Iraq and Levant (ISIL) released a report in their online magazine Dabiq with photos of 21 Egyptian Coptic Christian construction workers they had kidnapped in the city of Sirte, Libya, and then threatened to kill. The men, who came from different villages in Egypt, 13 of them from Al-Our, Minya, were kidnapped in Sirte in two separate attacks on 27 December 2014 and in January 2015. Before that, in 2014, a militia group in eastern Libya had declared its affiliation with ISIL and then took over parts of Derna in late 2014. People allied to the group claimed responsibility for attacks across the country in 2015.

A few days later, on 15 February 2015, a five-minute video was published, showing the beheading of the 21 captives on a beach along the southern Mediterranean coast. A caption in the video called the captives the "People of the Cross, followers of the hostile Egyptian Church". In the video, the leader was dressed in camouflage, while the other terrorists were dressed in black. The victims were all dressed in orange jumpsuits, as in many previous ISIL videos. The Coptic Church of Egypt, Egyptian government, as well as the Libyan parliament, confirmed the deaths. Later, when one of the perpetrators of the operation was arrested, he admitted in the investigation that the slaughter had taken place at the beach opposite Al Mahary Hotel in Sirte.

Roman Catholic Pope Francis telephoned Coptic Pope Tawadros II to offer his condolences. At an ecumenical meeting with the Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, Pope Francis stated "They only said Jesus help me. The blood of our Christian brothers is testimony that cries out. Be they Catholic, Orthodox, Copts, Lutherans, it doesn't matter: They are Christian!".

Contents

  • 1Canonization by the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria
  • 2The Cathedral of the New Martyrs
  • 3Formal Recognition by the Roman Catholic Church
  • 4Names of the Twenty-One Martyrs
  • 5References

Canonization by the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria

On 21 February 2015, a week after their death, the Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church, Pope Tawadros II of Alexandria, canonized the 21 Coptic Martyrs as Saints; their feast day would be celebrated on 15 February of the Gregorian calendar. The commemoration falls on the same day as the feast of the Presentation of Jesus at the Temple, which is the 8th Amshir of the Coptic calendar (Coptic Synaxarion: 8 Amshir).

Following the beheadings, the Coptic Orthodox church released the names of the martyrs, but there were only 20 names. In the video, one victim was of black African descent, in contrast to the others, who were ethnic Copts. It was later learned that this 21st martyr was Matthew Ayariga and that he was from Ghana.

The Cathedral of the New Martyrs

On 15 May 2018, the remains of the 20 Egyptians (the body of the Ghananian, Matthew Ayariga, was not on the plane), were returned to a new Coptic Orthodox cathedral that was specially built for them and named after them (Church of Martyrs of the Faith and Homeland) in 'Martyrs village' (formerly 'Al Aour or Al Awar' village), Minya, Egypt. The remains were laid in a special shrine that people can visit. Bells of churches and monasteries all over Egypt were ringing when the remains arrived on board a plane coming from Libya to Cairo International Airport, celebrating the return of their remains to their homeland. They were received at the airport by Pope Tawadros II of Alexandria accompanied by a large number of priest as well as government officials. The Holy Liturgy in the new cathedral was presided over by the Bishop of Samalout Anba Paphnutius. Anba Paphnutius requested that the body of Matthew Ayariga be brought to Egypt "to be joined with his Coptic brothers in their final resting place". In 2019, the Libyan government agreed to transfer the body of Matthew Ayariga to Egypt.

Formal Recognition by the Roman Catholic Church

In May 2023, during a visit of Coptic Pope Tawadros II of Alexandria to the Vatican, Pope Francis added the 21 Coptic Orthodox martyrs to Catholic list of saints.

Names of the Twenty-One Martyrs

Bishoy Adel Khalaf

Samuel Alhoam Wilson

Hany Abdel-Masih Salib

Melad Mackeen Zaki

Abanoub Ayad Attia

Ezzat Bushra Nassif

Yousef Shokry Younan

Kirillos Shukry Fawzy

Majed Suleiman Shehata

Samuel Stephanos Kamel

Malak Ibrahim Sinout

Bishoy Stephanos Kamel

Mena Fayez Aziz

Girgis Melad Sinout

Tawadros Youssef Tawadros

Essam Badr Samir

Luke Ngati

Jaber Mounir Adly

Malak Faraj Abram

Sameh Salah Farouk

Matthew Ayariga

References

1.     The Coptic Orthodox Synaxarion

2.     The 21: A Journey into the Land of Coptic Martyrs https://www.amazon.com/21-Journey-into-Coptic-Martyrs/dp/0874868394

3.     Al Our, the church dedicated to the 21 martyrs of Libya where they are laid to rest https://youtu.be/tXNfzRHUCr4?si=nkn-keE9RZ1AVpTW

4.     Pope Francis adds 21 Coptic Orthodox martyrs to Catholic list of saints https://www.vaticannews.va/en/pope/news/2023-05/pope-francis-tawadros-ii-coptic-orthodox-martyrs-egypt.html

 




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